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Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas


ICT sector and its R&D

The Ivie has developed for the European Commission a wide database on the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and Audiovisual Content sectors, within the framework of the Prospective Insights on (R&D) in ICT (PREDICT) Project. The PREDICT project, jointly funded by the European Commission’s DG Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CONNECT) and the Joint Research Center (JRC), analyzes the importance of ICT, its productivity and R&D spending in the European Union (EU) and 12 relevant countries within the global ICT market. This database is one of the tools used by the European Commission to monitor the progress of the Digital Single Market, one of its key strategic areas.

The databank offers information for 12 variables; value added, employment (hours worked and number of employed persons), productivity, labor productivity, Business Enterprise R&D expenditures (BERD), number of personnel and of researchers, ICT R&D public funding, as well as its deflators, PPP and currency exchange rates. The data is available for the ICT sector, following the OECD classification (2007) of ICT industries, which comprises 12 ICT manufacturing and services sub-sectors and some selected non-ICT producing high-tech sectors.

The data is available for the EU and all its Member States, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, India, United States, South Korea, Japan, Norway, Russia, Switzerland and Taiwan. Data on ICT R&D public funding is offered at the aggregate level, by NABS (NABS – Nomenclature for the Analysis and Comparison of Scientific Programmes and Budgets) and by industry sector (NACE Rev.2) for the EU, United States and Japan. In addition to ICT sector data, the PREDICT 2022 database includes information from official sources (Eurostat, OECD, and National Statistics Institutes, among others) on the following sectors: Media and content (publishing of books and journals, audiovisual and broadcasting activities and news agency activities) and Retail sale via mail order houses or via internet.

The database, regularly updated by the Ivie, covers the period 1995 to 2019 (last year with official data). Provisional estimates on the evolution of the main ICT sectors and the Media and content and Retail sale via mail order houses or via internet sectors are available for 2020 and 2022. The PREDICT initiative aims to compare the evolution of the EU ICT sector with its R&D and its major competitors. To this end, in addition to the database, annual reports are drawn up that analyze the available information and synthesize the main trends in the ICT sector of the countries included in the database.

PREDICT reports:

Recommended citation

European Commission and Ivie (Valencian Institute of Economic Research). 2023 PREDICT Database (ICT sector analysis 2023). Brussels: València, July 2023. Available at: [consultation: date].

JRC (Joint Research Centre). Digital Economy (Twin Transition Dataset). Brussels: European Commission, 2023. Available at: [consultation: date].