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Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas


The Size of Cultural, Creative and ICT Activities in Spain

The book La dimensión de las actividades culturales, creativas y TIC en España (The Size of Cultural, Creative and ICT Activities in Spain), prepared by the BBVA Foundation and the Ivie as part of their joint Economic Research Program, analyzes the main economic macro-magnitudes generated by cultural, creative and technological (ACCT, for their initials in Spanish) activities, as well as the penetration of cultural, creative and ICT occupations (OCCT, Spanish initials) in the economy, and the rate of investment in intangible assets directly related to these activities, from a national and international perspective, thus providing a global vision of the impact of culture, creativity and technology on the economy.

The publication is accompanied by a database with information structured in two different blocks. The first block (A.1) offers information on the main macro-magnitudes of National Accounts from the perspective of the sectors of activity, through the classification of economic activities by cultural domains. While, the second block (A.2) gathers the employment series from the perspective of occupations.

The first block (A.1) presents the series of value added (A.1.1), employment (A.1.2), labor productivity (A.1.3) and price index (A.1.4) distinguishing between the different ACCT domains (8 ACCT domains in addition to the ICT sector). The series cover the period from 1995 to 2016 with information on Spain and 22 other countries (17  European [Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Hungary, Poland, United Kingdom and Czech Republic], and China, South Korea, United States, Japan, Taiwan), and 2 European aggregates (EU-15 and EU-18). The magnitudes of value added and productivity are given both in current euros (euros of each year) and in constant euros (euros of 2010).

The second block (A.2) offers employment series not only with the distinction of the ACCT from the previous block, but also with the classification by types of OCCT (7 groups of OCC in addition to 5 ICT-related occupations), thus providing a broader view of the impact of culture, creativity and technology on the economy (A.2.1). The series correspond to the period 2011-2017 and the information is presented for Spain and 17 European countries, 2 European aggregates (EU-15 and EU-18) and the United States. At the national level, greater detail is provided, both in the classification of activities by ACCT domains and of occupations by OCCT groups. In addition, these groups of occupations are related to the large sectoral aggregates (A.2.2). Additionally, the employment series of the ACCT domains are provided by educational level (A.2.3) and occupational status (A.2.4).

Recommended citation

BBVA Foundation and Ivie (The Valencian Institute of Economic Research). La dimensión de las actividades culturales, creativas y TIC en España. Bilbao: València, March 2022. Database available at: [consultation: date].