BBVA Foundation-Ivie Essentials

Esenciales [Essentials] is a series of periodicals designed to disseminate the main results of the Research Program carried out by the BBVA Foundation and the Ivie for over the last twenty years.

Brief, accessible and updated with the latest data available, these periodicals examine the issues dealt with in the main areas of research conducted by the BBVA Foundation and the Ivie: growth and competitiveness; human capital and knowledge; the productive structure; welfare and social capital, and regional development and demographics.

Last issue

N.º 15/2017. La inversión pública en España ha caído casi un 60% desde 2009 y en algunas regiones la reducción ha sido tan intensa que no se ha podido reponer el capital depreciado

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