Observatory of young people's transition to the labour market

The Observatory of young people's transition to the labour market is a data bank developed through the human capital project and which is updated every three years. The study has been carried out since 1996 and is sponsored by the Bancaja Foundation.

The Observatory offers information on the integration and evolution of young people in the labour market. The following factors are taken into account:

  • The social dimension: How labour market integration is related to the main stages of life : leaving home, forming a nuclear family, moving house, employment training etc.
  • The world of work: The different job opportunities available for young people, as well as employment and employer characteristics.
  • The sociological point of view: Young people's attitudes to different aspects of working life and their employment preferences.

The Observatory also provides data related to home environment along with personal characteristics of survey participants.

The Observatory has defined two sample types until 2005:

  1. The general sample, based on a global look at survey participants.
  2. The target integration sample, which groups together those survey participants who have entered the labour market for the first time in the five years preceding the survey. The characteristics of young people's access to the labour market are studied in this survey. In addition, this group includes survey participants from the previous Observatory survey and who already belonged to the target sample.

The Observatory's panel sample from 1996 to 2002 allows young people's evolution to be monitored over that period. The panel ended in 2005 and a new sample was required.

Since 2008, all survey participants have been included in the target sample previously defined.


Classification data

Basic information for classifying the survey participants; gender, age, education, work experience, etc.

General information

This section includes personal details of survey participants and their home environment, as well as their work situation, the main aspects of their education history, and the 'filter' variables which allow easy distinction between the general sample and the target sample. For example:

-> Nationality.
-> Information on academic history.
-> Employment situation in the week before the survey.
-> Employment situation and level of education of parents.
-> Reasons for not attempting to enter the labour market in the last five years.
-> Socio-professional position of parents.
-> Employment search methods.
-> Household income.

Psycho-social information

A group of variables that includes the attitudes, behaviour and experiences of young people in the process of entering the labour market. Among the aspects studied are the following:

-> Initiative.
-> Passivity.
-> The centrality of the survey participants.
-> Self-effectiveness.
-> Survey participants' satisfaction with life, their economic situation and employment.
-> Different elements of employment stress.
-> Survey participants' assessment and satisfaction with extrinsic, intrinsic and social aspects of their employment.

Additional questions were included in 2008 so as to assess aspects related to "justice at work". Also in 2011 have been incorporated new questions about issues related to occupational health and general welfare.

Background information

Data on the educational background, employment history and the lives of the survey participants from the age of 16. Data is provided on:

-> Periods dedicated to studying.
-> At what age the participants began looking for work.
-> Age of leaving home.
-> Age of first relationship and child.

Employment related information

Characteristics of young people's employment, in terms of the post they held as well as their employer. Data includes:

-> Start and finish dates, and duration of employment.
-> Type of contract.
-> Commitment.
-> Salary.
-> Type of employer and sector.
-> Reasons for leaving the job.

In 2011 a new aspect about contractual flexibility has been added (temporary versus permanent job).

Data from the six Observatory surveys (1996, 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008 and 2011) have been homogenised and categorised. There are a set of files with the replies of all participants in the surveys, organized in the previously outlined structure.

Data from the last survey (2011) were presented on 26th of June of 2012 in Valencia.

If you wish to download data from the Observatory of young people's transition to the labour market you must accept the following conditions:

I agree to reference this data bank in any work that uses its information and will explain this obligation to any person that wishes to access the data. The reference will take the following form:

Fuente: Observatorio de Inserción Laboral de los Jóvenes. Bancaja-Ivie

I accept the conditions

Recommended citation

Bancaja Foundation and Ivie (The Valencian Institute of Economic Research). Observatorio de Inserción Laboral de los Jóvenes. June 2012. Database available online: http://www.ivie.es/en/banco/insercion/insercion.php